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From The Socialist newspaper, 12 September 2012

BBC radio review: Poll Tax

The Reunion rewrites history

Naomi Byron
Militant: Scrap the Poll Tax, photo Dave Sinclair

Militant: Scrap the Poll Tax, photo Dave Sinclair   (Click to enlarge)

BBC Radio 4's The Reunion recently had a programme on the anti-poll tax movement of the late-1980s and early 1990s, Britain's biggest mass movement of civil disobedience for centuries.

Bizarrely, the programme's makers did not even invite anyone from Militant (now the Socialist Party), the organisation whose tactics and strategy defeated the poll tax and Thatcher. Tory poll tax exponent Lord Baker was there but not us - it was like discussing public service broadcasting with representatives from the Murdoch media empire and a few journalists from privately owned newspapers.

Virtually every mention of Militant attacked our role with no right to reply. Danny Byrne from Bristol was active in the All-Britain Anti-Poll Tax Federation but his main qualification for being on the programme seemed to be that he was not a member of Militant. He said that Militant played a good role in the beginning, but as the campaign grew we just wanted to control it, and it only succeeded because people like him helped build such a campaign that we couldn't.

The programme makers could only rewrite history so outrageously because we were excluded.

The truth

Marching against Thatcher's Poll Tax, photo Dave Sinclair

Marching against Thatcher's Poll Tax, photo Dave Sinclair   (Click to enlarge)

In fact it was the strategy and tactics developed by Militant of mass non-payment (involving 14 million non-payers), clogging up the courts, as we campaigned for mass turnouts of people summonsed for non-payment, and legal challenges at every stage. This made the poll tax unworkable and forced Thatcher out of power.

This strategy could only be developed because of the close connections Militant had developed over decades with the labour movement and working class communities. Our approach was designed to mobilise the largest number of people to defeat the poll-tax, while explaining, in an accessible way, the need for socialist change.

There were many heroic class fighters who agreed with Militant over the main tactics needed to defeat the tax, though they disagreed with us on socialism. But without Militant's clear lead on strategy, and our branches up and down the country which could turn as one to prepare for the next stage of the battle, the poll tax campaign would have been much smaller, weaker and more divided. It certainly would not have won the rapid, clear victories it did.

Many more people could have been jailed; thousands could have had their goods seized by the bailiffs or poinded (seized) by the sheriff officers (the equivalent of bailiffs in Scotland) and Thatcher would have stayed in power longer. Rather than wanting to control the campaign, Militant led the drive to involve fully as many non-payers as possible at all levels.

The programme ended with a few sentences about the relevance of the anti-poll tax movement to the mass campaigns against the cuts which are developing today, which was welcome.

But there could have been so many more points made about the Con-Dems' long history of vicious attacks on public services and local democracy, and how mass opposition to the cuts could develop today.

Liverpool in the 1980s

Anti-Poll Tax demonstration March 1990

Anti-Poll Tax demonstration March 1990   (Click to enlarge)

'Lord' Baker openly stated that the poll tax was introduced to 'clip the wings' of local government, and that the first time the Cabinet discussed the poll tax was on 9 January 1986, during the months of the great slander against the Militant in Liverpool.

Militant, although a minority on the left Labour council in Liverpool, had led a successful mass campaign to demand money for local services back from central government.

Popular, and re-elected with bigger votes in each election, the Labour left in Liverpool had done what they were elected to do and refused to make cuts, instead building around 5,000 new council homes and creating 2,000 more jobs.

Like today, most Labour councils wrung their hands and then got on with doing the government's dirty work by slashing services.

The Tories' answer to Liverpool's heroic struggle was to undemocratically remove the 47 left Labour councillors in Liverpool, including many supporters of the Militant, and secretly begin planning for the poll tax.

This only underlines the point that Militant, and now the Socialist Party, makes in every campaign, that although it is possible to defeat one or other policy of the government or the bosses, they will always come back for more.

That is why we need to campaign not only to defeat the cuts, but also to remove the power of big business by taking the key sections of the economy into public hands and running them under democratic workers' control.

Only a workers' government, run along socialist lines, will act in the interests of ordinary people.

Today Socialist Party members are playing a key role in putting pressure on the trade union leaders to organise a serious campaign to defeat cuts, beginning with naming the day for a general strike, as well as the project of building a new party for working people.

We are presently helping to build the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition (TUSC) which is preparing to stand anti-cuts candidates up and down the country in the next elections.

If you want to know how the anti-poll tax battle was won, and lessons for today's anti-cuts battle, come to our meetings and discussions, such as Socialism 2012. Sadly the BBC seems less than keen to shed any real light on the matter.

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The coronavirus crisis has laid bare the class character of society in numerous ways. It is making clear to many that it is the working class that keeps society running, not the CEOs of major corporations.

The results of austerity have been graphically demonstrated as public services strain to cope with the crisis.

The government has now ripped up its 'austerity' mantra and turned to policies that not long ago were denounced as socialist. But after the corona crisis, it will try to make the working class pay for it, by trying to claw back what has been given.

  • The Socialist Party's material is more vital than ever, so we can continue to report from workers who are fighting for better health and safety measures, against layoffs, for adequate staffing levels, etc.
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In The Socialist 12 September 2012:


Fight against austerity

Build a 24-hour general strike

TUC passes general strike motion

NSSN lobby demands a 24-hour general strike

Teachers must unite against Tories


Socialist Party news and analysis

Nationalise the banks

Cabinet reshuffle

Con-Dem housing measures - in 'the thick of it'?

After the Paralympics... Stop the Con-Dems' assault on disabled

Cable attacks health and safety

'Red tape' bonfire puts workers at more risk

More bad news from media mogul Murdoch


International socialist news and analysis

Quebec Solidaire's electoral gains show potential for left

Honduras: Privatised cities in the global economy


Socialist Party feature: TUSC

We need a political voice to fight austerity


Socialist Party youth and students

Socialist students: Fighting for education

Bristol YFJ: "We're not lazy - we're fighting back"

Global youth unemployment rises

Youth Fight for Jobs in action! Coming events


Socialist Party workplace news

Workers' unity against brutal bosses at Cranswick Foods

East Coast train cleaners on strike

RMT assistant secretary arrested on picket line


Fighting NHS cuts

NHS under attack - Stop the closures, stop the cuts

Bromsgrove meeting opposes A&E closure

Demo against heart unit closure in Leicester


Socialist Party reports and campaigns

Sheffield Socialist Party pickets strike-breaking facility

Brent Labour: Making families homeless

Young tenants to lobby Leeds council over housing crisis


Reviews and comments

The Reunion rewrites history: the Poll Tax

The shame of sexism in sport

How we stopped the racist EDL


 

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Related links:

Poll tax:

triangleBasingstoke Socialist Party: 30 years ago - the anti-Poll Tax movement

triangle30 years since the huge anti-poll tax demo... And how mass non-payment of the tax was built

triangleLiverpool & District Socialist Party: 30 years ago - How the poll tax was defeated

triangleHackney & Islington Socialist Party: How the poll tax was defeated

triangleEast London Socialist Party: Couldn't pay, wouldn't pay, didn't pay - How we beat the Poll Tax

BBC:

triangleTV Review BBC Panorama: PPE shortage - how many lives will be lost?

triangleFight back against the corona propaganda war

triangleThe Socialist Inbox

triangleThis is the BBC: fight the cuts - and the capitalist media

Militant:

triangleMick Cotter 21-9-57 to 20-5-20

triangleHelp us continue to fight for workers and socialism

triangleCouldn't pay, wouldn't pay, didn't pay: the battle to defeat the poll tax

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