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From The Socialist newspaper, 11 October 2017

Biography: Harry Constable in his own words

Poverty, repression and fightback on the docks

Dockers, by Alain Bertrand/CC

Dockers, by Alain Bertrand/CC   (Click to enlarge)

Bill Mullins, Southwark Socialist Party

This book is about Harry Constable, a leading activist in the struggle of the dock workers from before the war until the end of the 1950s.

It is told through a series of transcribed tapes he made 20 years ago with Bill Hunter, a member of the 'Socialist Labour League' in Liverpool.

Harry Constable was born into an East End family in London in World War One and grew up in poverty and struggle. His father and grandfather had been dockers and Harry became one after World War Two when he left the army.

His tale is one of obviously heroic struggle against not only the employers but often against the right-wing leaders of his own union, the Transport and General Workers' Union (TGWU - one of the main forerunners of Unite).

Harry, along with other left-wing dockers, was instrumental in setting up what became the unofficial dock workers' strike committees. They organised national strikes against the employers because too often the right wing in the union refused to take action.

Strike

At one stage the union expelled him - which under the system at the time meant he could not be a registered docker and was not entitled to work. The other dockers waiting in the "pens," the holding areas where they were called by the foreman to work, refused to "come out" until Harry was given work.

The book explains how the docks became organised over a number of years that led to many strikes, sometimes local and sometimes national, all led by the unofficial dockers' committees.

In 1951, Clement Attlee's Labour government ordered the arrest of Harry, along with other unofficial leaders, for calling a strike in contravention of 'Order 1305'. This was part of the undemocratic government regulations set under emergency wartime powers, and forbade strike action.

This led to a national strike of 45,000 dockers. The Labour government's answer was to send in 22,000 soldiers to do their jobs (which they couldn't).

At the subsequent Old Bailey trial the unofficial leaders, including Harry, were acquitted.

Harry went through many experiences including the 1926 general strike and the battle of Cable Street against Oswald Mosley's fascist Blackshirts.

All in all the book is well worth reading to give the modern generation of class fighters an idea of the rich history of class struggle in the docks.

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In The Socialist 11 October 2017:


Socialist Party news and analysis

Nasty party imploding...drive out the Tories

Major attacks 'Universal Credit', half a million more face poverty

IMF helps cause inequality it slams

NHS meltdown - fight the Tory cuts

Them & Us


Catalonia

Catalonia: Workers can finish what Puigdemont won't


Black History Month 2017

The fight against racial discrimination is tied to the fight to defeat capitalist austerity


Socialist Party workplace news

Royal Mail workers fight court attempt to stop national strike

Boeing bust-up threatens thousands of skilled jobs

Who's watching who?: The fight for justice, trade union and democratic rights

Workplace news in brief


Housing crisis

Housing crisis: Corbyn's positive measures blanked by Labour's right

No more fire deaths - ensure safety now!


Socialist Party reports and campaigns

Don't wreck our rec! Campaigning to save green space in Standish

Carlisle NHS campaigners hand in petition to MP

Cardiff Socialist Students confront 'Parasite' Jacob Rees-Mogg

Manchester rally discussed unionisation and nationalisation

Join the Orgreave Halloween rally

Too much to cross the Mersey


Comment and reviews

Poverty, repression and fightback on the docks

Theresa May, Frida Kahlo and turning women into wares

Shocking insight into Isis

The Socialist Inbox


 

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Related links:

Docks:

triangleFreeports spell deregulation, low pay and a new race to the bottom

triangleWorkplace news in brief

triangle11-day strike at Tilbury docks

triangle48-hour stoppage at Tilbury docks

triangleSouthampton demonstration: End exploitation of seafarers

Poverty:

triangleEnd fuel poverty

triangleTories hammer nail in pensions triple lock coffin

triangleThe fall of Apartheid in South Africa

triangleThe fall of Apartheid in South Africa

Strike:

triangleOaks Park school strike ends following forced concessions

triangleSouth Yorkshire Stagecoach drivers strike against measly 1% pay offer

triangleNHS Critical

Dockers:

triangle1920s-30s Britain: A working-class movement fighting unemployment and capitalism

triangleStriking Portuguese dockers show the way forward

Union:

triangleNapo ballots for trade dispute, but members need strategy for industrial action

TGWU:

triangleUnfinished business

1926 general strike:

triangle100 years since the foundation of the Communist Party of Great Britain

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