Join the Socialist Party Join us today!

Printable version Printable version

Facebook   Twitter

Link to this page: https://secure.socialistparty.org.uk/issue/1097/31148

From The Socialist newspaper, 5 August 2020

No going back series

What would socialist universities look like?

In the fourth of our 'No going back' series, Socialist Party and University and College Union member (personal capacity) Bea Gardner explains how socialist policies could save the university sector wrecked by cuts, privatisation and the pursuit of profit under capitalism. See socialistparty.org.uk for the whole series.

  (Click to enlarge)

Record student numbers will find education cut

Record numbers of 18-year-olds in the UK have applied to go to university this September. Applications are up 1.6% for UK students and 10% for international students.

Despite record numbers, university bosses are making massive cuts to spending, including staff redundancies. They are terrified that the continued uncertainty around coronavirus will mean many students defer their place, leaving them financially ruined.

Research for the University and College Union (UCU) estimates there could be a 2.6 billion funding shortage next academic year, due to the potential drop in tuition fee income. In the current system, this could mean as many as 30,000 jobs in the sector are cut, with even more in the supply chain.

Both Boris Johnson and university bosses are pushing for a rushed return to campus learning, with the hope this secures tuition fee income from students, particularly overseas students who pay substantially higher fees.

But there is no doubt; a forced reopening will exacerbate the spread of coronavirus. In Leicester, the highest incidents in the current outbreak were of under 19-year-olds, disproving the idea that young people are safe. This short-termism could also see home students charged 9,250 for rip-off online-only courses, designed in mere weeks, if campuses cannot fully reopen.

These attempts to make staff and students pay for the coronavirus funding crisis has the potential to see student fightback and workers' action re-emerge.

Scrap fees, save jobs

The coronavirus crisis has exposed universities over-reliance on tuition fee income, based on short-term balancing of books. The system doesn't work in times of uncertainty, like now, when student numbers may temporarily fall, particularly high-fee paying international and postgraduate students.

University bosses' solution is to implement widescale job cuts, increasing workload for already overworked staff, and further eroding student learning conditions. Meanwhile, the government has ignored appeals by both university bosses and unions to bail out the universities, only implementing some minor measures to help cash flow by releasing tuition fee payments early.

The university trade unions must organise to defend members' jobs in the face of such attacks. Campus trade unions should make the demand for 'opening up of the books' to inspection by workers and their unions.

In 2018, universities sat on combined reserves of over 44 billion. The average vice-chancellor pay is now 350,000 a year.

Campus unions should take a no-cuts stance, arguing for the use of reserves and borrowing.

A decade of marketisation misery

The current attacks come on top of more than a decade of austerity, underfunding and increased privatisation, which have seen education across the board suffer. School academy trust bosses, college chief execs and university vice-chancellor pay packets have soared. In contrast, the majority of education staff have seen their working conditions driven down.

Since 2010, universities have seen year-on-year income increases, but expenditure on staff pay fell by 3.35%. At the same time, capital expenditure - spending on buildings, land and equipment - shot up 35%.

This spending is aimed at maximising profits by attracting the highest number of students possible. But the quality of education students receive when they arrive has been decimated.

Lecture theatres are overflowing on oversubscribed courses. There are few, if any, additional staff employed to manage increased student numbers, meaning reduced contact time with academic staff. Books, computers, printers and library desks are difficult to access because of over-demand.

Under the free-market system, research is driven by the needs of business and not the needs of society. Research is often funded by big companies who then try and sell their findings back to us for profit.

If there isn't profit to be made, they abandon the projects. Following the Sars outbreak in the early 2000s, a new vaccine, which could have helped prepare us for this current crisis, was dropped due to lack of profitability.

Government and charity funding is only awarded through short or fixed-term grants, distributed via competitive bidding processes that favour cheap, short-term projects and quick results. An estimated 1 billion worth of researchers' time is spent on failed bids each year in Europe, time which should be solving the problems we face in society.

The instability of the current research and teaching funding system also means the proliferation of fixed-term and casual work, which creates a highly competitive research and teaching landscape.

Famous physicist Peter Higgs said that he would not get a job now, as he would not be considered productive enough for current research standards, where researchers are expected to "keep churning out papers". The pursuit of profit is holding back the development of society.

Tuition fees have been one of the main drivers behind this marketisation of education. The Tories continue with this policy, even though the student loan system is now more expensive for the UK government than before tuition fees were introduced. With only 30% of students able to repay their loans in full, the debt pile is growing with added interest. Total student debt is currently 121 billion and expected to hit 450 billion by 2050.

Nationalisation is only way out

As well as fighting to save jobs, we must campaign for the renationalisation of universities, running them as a public service and not a business. The government has shown that the money is there, paying the wages of nine million furloughed workers. The Bank of England has pumped more than 700 billion into the economy since the start of the pandemic.

The renationalisation of universities as a public service would not only avert the funding crisis, but also allow universities to play a vital role in Covid recovery. It would secure jobs and offer hope to thousands of young people and workers facing the misery of unemployment.

Even pro-capitalist spokespeople say massive reforms of the sector are necessary, given the astronomical amounts of debt building up through unpaid student loans. But any market solution will be temporary at best, and will not solve the issues of bad learning and working conditions.

For that, there needs to be a fundamental shift in how universities are organised. Instead, universities should be democratically run in the interests of everyone.

The Socialist Party fights for the scrapping of tuition fees, with all education costs publicly funded in full with living grants for all students. Existing student debt should also be written off, sparing thousands of young people from the burden of debt.

The fee system is the leading cause of the current crisis. Any measure other than scrapping fees will be a short-term solution, fundamental problems will remain.

We also fight for long-term, public investment in research. This would allow universities to be a valuable resource in the fight against climate change, helping drive more sustainable means of production, developing sustainable technology and retraining the workforce to use it.

University renationalisation has many more benefits. Students are charged extortionate rates for university halls, some built more than 50 years ago, which generate further income for universities.

If profit was removed, and universities publicly funded, rooms could be charged at much lower rates, giving more disposable income to students. Students could focus on their studies rather than working several jobs to pay rent.

Similarly, as publicly funded services, everyone in the community could benefit from university facilities, such as sport and leisure services, library resources and meeting rooms. Lifelong learning could be advanced, with a variety of evening classes freely accessible to workers in the community.

Give workers, students and community democratic control

For the true benefits of renationalisation to be felt, decision making would need to be in the hands of university workers, students and local communities. We campaign for elected committees of staff and students, in conjunction with campus unions, to democratically decide how to run universities. This would ensure resources are spent where they are needed most, including guaranteeing the health and safety of all.

Increased democracy would also mean fair salary distribution, giving a significant pay rise to the workers that have seen their pay eroded by 20% in real terms since 2010. The current exam system could be overhauled, not only at university level but also making the application process fair, transparent and democratic.

A variety of courses could be introduced, with different types of qualifications based on community needs, not so-called 'cash cow' courses, which make the most money. Democratic worker and student control could overhaul the syllabus, including 'decolonising' the curriculum, a key demand of the Black Lives Matter movement.

The current crisis reveals the fundamental limitations of the capitalist system and its ability to provide for the majority in society. University workers, students and the wider workers movement cannot go back to the misery of 'business as usual' of marketisation misery.

We must fight for a completely different vision for higher education - one where research and learning can indeed be of benefit to everyone and not just a means to line the pockets of the bosses.

The alternative vision is more than achievable in a socialist society, where the distribution of resources can be democratically determined by all, for all. This is the vision that campus unions and the student movement must fight for as part of the immediate task of defending against job losses.


Uni workers reject bosses' lousy offer

UCU strikers at University of East London 5 March 2020, photo Ian Pattison

UCU strikers at University of East London 5 March 2020, photo Ian Pattison   (Click to enlarge)

Socialist Party members in UCU

Members of the University and College Union (UCU) have rejected the employers' latest offer in the 'Four Fights' dispute on pay, workload, equality and casualisation. 61.2% voted to reject the offer on a 30% turnout, paving the way for further industrial action in the new academic year.

The vote signals the continued determination of university workers to fight, on a national scale, against the erosion of pay and conditions in the sector. It sends a strong message to the employers - university workers will continue the fight against the effects of marketisation. Despite management's attempt to use the pandemic as an excuse for further attacks, we will not be co-opted into accepting worse conditions.

22 days of strike action by 72 branches, between November 2019 and March 2020, forced the employers to the negotiating table. For the first time the bosses discussed non-pay aspects of our dispute, having previously claimed they had no mandate on issues such as workload.

Leverage lost

However, the dispute was set back when our ballot expired in April. With the strike mandate expired for most branches, limiting leverage, the employers put forward a lousy offer, woefully short of any meaningful improvements.

The proposal made no binding obligations and did not budge on pay at all (see 'Reject the university employers' offer' at socialistparty.org.uk).

Shamefully, the UCU leadership initially recommended accepting the offer and imposed an undemocratic time frame for consultation. Fortunately, branches saw through attempts to bury the dispute, voting at a branch delegate meeting for the leadership to recommend rejecting the offer when a ballot was put to members.

The rejection of the offer keeps the Four Fights dispute alive, but is only the first step. More members need to be won to a fighting position to successfully beat the Tories' 50% turnout rule in a strike ballot.

A critical higher education sector conference in September will determine the next steps. It is vital that a clear strategy for future action is democratically decided at the conference, which learns lessons from the dispute so far.

Maximum impact

Key will be maximising the impact of any action. Appealing to fellow campus trade unions Unite and Unison - whose members are also affected by these issues - to join in the reballot and coordinate action is essential.

Timing a reballot to strategically coincide with periods in the academic year that offer potential to cause the most disruption is also important. So too is action that enables as many types of members to participate as possible.

More branches need to be out. A key decision will be whether to ballot all institutions involved as a whole or run the ballot university by university. Either way, a 'get the vote out' campaign which links the immediate issues of job losses and cuts to the Four Fights dispute is needed.

Rejecting the offer further indicates that the autumn term is set to be significant. Recent attacks and threats by university managements have only highlighted the need to fight the Four Fights. The dispute can play a key role in linking the struggle against job losses and cuts with the end of marketisation.

Donate to the Socialist Party

Coronavirus crisis - Finance appeal

The coronavirus crisis has laid bare the class character of society in numerous ways. It is making clear to many that it is the working class that keeps society running, not the CEOs of major corporations.

The results of austerity have been graphically demonstrated as public services strain to cope with the crisis.

The government has now ripped up its 'austerity' mantra and turned to policies that not long ago were denounced as socialist. But after the corona crisis, it will try to make the working class pay for it, by trying to claw back what has been given.

  • The Socialist Party's material is more vital than ever, so we can continue to report from workers who are fighting for better health and safety measures, against layoffs, for adequate staffing levels, etc.
  • Our 'fighting coronavirus workers' charter', outlines a programme to combat the virus and protect workers' living conditions.
  • When the health crisis subsides, we must be ready for the stormy events ahead and the need to arm workers' movements with a socialist programme - one which puts the health and needs of humanity before the profits of a few.
Inevitably, during the crisis we have not been able to sell the Socialist and raise funds in the ways we normally would.
We therefore urgently appeal to all our viewers to donate to our special coronavirus appeal.

Please donate here.

All payments are made through a secure server.

My donation

 

Your message: 

 


In The Socialist 5 August 2020:


News

NHS pay: 15% for all now

From first wave to second? Capitalism's Covid failures

Capitalism's 'vaccine war' shows need for socialist cooperation

Tories' obesity plans - blaming individuals not the profit system


What we think

Labour payouts: unions must discuss political representation


Workplace news

Wales: GE Aviation workers march to save jobs

PCS union: Reject longer DWP opening hours

'First you clap us then you slap us': hundreds march for NHS pay rise

Sick pay victory at Homerton hospital!

Unite union branch pledges to support socialist candidates who oppose cuts

Oppose BT site closures - national strike ballot needed

Workplace news in brief


No going back

What would socialist universities look like?


International

Cuba: Covid-19 and the 60-year-old embargo

Anniversary of nuclear destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

80 years since the murder of Leon Trotsky rally


Campaigns

A-level results day 2020: Fight for our future!

Fighting to end racism and capitalism

North London: Socialist Party speaks at BLM protest

Young Socialist day of action

Doncaster: Vigil for murdered women

Engage for Change Hull - trade union youth festival goes online

Campaign stalls on jobs, pay, NHS and racism

Why I joined - Covid changed my outlook

Socialist Party meetings: Online and in-person

The Socialist summer schedule


 

Home   |   The Socialist 5 August 2020   |   Join the Socialist Party

Subscribe   |   Donate   |   Audio  |   PDF  |   ebook






Related links:

Universities:

triangleStudents 2 : 0 Tories - Protests work!

triangleReject the university employers' offer on pay, workload and casualisation

trianglePay full fees for virtual courses? - No way!

trianglePlymouth students discuss rent strike

triangleUni strike takes fight to bosses

Socialist:

triangleHackney & Islington Socialist Party: Tories in Crisis

triangleLiverpool Socialist Party: The Labour Party - what is its future?

triangleSocialist Students & Young Socialists national zoom rally

triangleHackney & Islington Socialist Party: Covid Schools + Tories = Chaos

University:

triangleAfter Scottish government U-turn, Young Socialists fight for a future on A-Level results day

triangleSouthampton: University workers win full pay for casual staff

triangleNottingham uni occupation ends

Students:

triangleFight the schools Covid crisis

Pay:

triangleNHS workers: "We deserve a fair wage" - 15% now!

News and socialist analysis

News and socialist analysis

17/9/20

Britain

Britain's fragile Covid equilibrium is coming to an end

16/9/20

NHS

NHS workers: "We deserve a fair wage" - 15% now!

16/9/20

Covid

Capitalist profit and the race to develop a vaccine

16/9/20

Covid

Covid and the third sector: for public planning, not charity stopgaps

16/9/20

Profit

Under the microscope

16/9/20

Covid

'Covid marshalls' must be accountable to communities

16/9/20

Covid

Blame politicians, not workers and young people

16/9/20

Brexit

Johnson's brinkmanship over EU deal deepens capitalist splits

16/9/20

Coronavirus

Sketch: The rule of six - some guidance from your government

16/9/20

Covid

Our lives and livelihoods at stake

9/9/20

Coronavirus

Safety overridden in drive to bolster the economy

9/9/20

Tories

U-turn Tories' splits are growing

9/9/20

Unison

A critical election for Unison general secretary

9/9/20

Minimum wage

Callous Tories threaten not to uprate the minimum wage

9/9/20

Covid

Under the microscope

triangleMore News and socialist analysis articles...


Join the Socialist Party
Subscribe to Socialist Party publications
Donate to the Socialist Party
Socialist Party Facebook page
Socialist Party on Twitter
Visit us on Youtube

LATEST POSTS

CONTACT US

Phone our national office on 020 8988 8777

Email: info@socialistparty.org.uk

Locate your nearest Socialist Party branch Text your name and postcode to 07761 818 206

Regional Socialist Party organisers:

Eastern: 079 8202 1969

East Mids: 077 3797 8057

London: 075 4018 9052

North East: 078 4114 4890

North West 079 5437 6096

South West: 077 5979 6478

Southern: 078 3368 1910

Wales: 079 3539 1947

West Mids: 024 7655 5620

Yorkshire: 077 0671 0041

ABOUT US

ARCHIVE

Alphabetical listing


September 2020

August 2020

July 2020

June 2020

May 2020

April 2020

March 2020

February 2020

January 2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999